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2014年成人高考高起点英语真题

来源: 中国教育在线     2017年12月26日

点击查看:2014年成人高考高起点英语真题及答案解析

一、语音知识:共5小题;每题1.5分,共7.5分。在下列每组单词中,有一个单词的划线部分与其他单词的划线部分的读音不同。找出这个词。

1. 请选择出划线部分读音不同的选项( )。

A. bathe

B. birth

C. thought

D. Thank

2. 请选择出划线部分读音不同的选项( )。

A. alive

B. monitor

C. mind

D. Bicycle

3. 请选择出划线部分读音不同的选项( )。

A. potato

B. police

C. population

D. Polite

4. 请选择出划线部分读音不同的选项( )。

A. gather

B. gift

C. general

D. goat

5. 请选择出划线部分读音不同的选项( )。

A. feather

B. head

C. bread

D. Beeach

二、词汇与语法知识:共15小题;每题1.5分,共22.5分。从每小题的四个选择项中,选出最佳的一项。

6. The doctor told Mr. White that he couldn' t get better if he didn' t_________drinking.

A. give up

B. give away

C. give in

D. give out

7. It was a pity that he missed the meeting__________in London last month.

A. to be held

B. held

C. having held

D. to hold

8. The teacher told his students that the earth___________round like a ball.

A. be

B. is

C. had been

D. Was

9. It' s truly a beautiful place,_________I don' t want to live here.

A. and

B. as

C. but

D. So

10. John is___________tallest student among________whole class.

A. a;the

B. the;the

C. a;a

D. the;a

11. The ship___________at 8:30 ,but it is almost 9:30 now.

A. could have arrived

B. must have arrived

C. should have arrived

D. would have arrived

12.-Hello,Jim! May I ask you a question?

-__________.

A. No, thanks

B. Right

C. Never mind

D. Certainly

13.He left for New York___________I could say goodbye to him.

A. sitice

B. as

C. before

D. Until

14. I can' t__________you that I' 11 be able to come,but I' 11 do my best.

A. promise

B. ask

C. answer

D. Advise

15. Do you want to change this lamp for__________or do you want your money back?

A. other one

B. other

C. the others

D. Another

16. He asked me how often I went back home__________a visit when I was at college.

A. for

B. on

C. with

D. To

17. Mary was looking for a shop___________she could buy some chocolate.

A. which

B. that

C. where

D. Who

18. Every Friday evening George will sit quietly in the chair,__________his favorite TV show.

A. to watch

B. watch

C. watched

D. Watching

19. Please tell him__________ my train will arrive and ask him to pick me up.

A. what

B. when

C. whether

D. How

20. I____any job I like since I came to this city.

A. haven' t done

B. don' t do

C. wouldn' t do

D. didn' t do

三、完形填空:共l5小题;每题2分,共30分。通读下面的短文。掌握其大意。然后,从每小题的四个选择项中选出可填入相应空白处的最佳选项。

As a boy I dreamed of flying airplanes. 21 __________I told Dad I wanted to be a pilot,he said, "Youneed to do your job well on the farm first, and 22__________ you may realize your dream. "The farm was aneveryday responsibility (职责)--that. 23__________ Saturday, Sunday and Christmas too. Every morning Igot up at four o' clock to milk and 24__________ the cows. After the milk was bottled, my older brothers andI 25__________ it to people' s homes. I was paid five cents a bottle. At that time I 26__________ that to be success-ful you have to take care of your responsibilities.

When I was 16 ,I signed up for flying lessons. To pay for the lessons I 27__________ a small restaurantwith some friends. One of our regular 28__________ was the president of the Farmers Bank. Every 29__________ Igot,I talked to him about my dream. One day I told him I 30__________ $3,500 to buy my own 31__________ . Helent me the money so that I could fly people within 150 miles of the airport.

Twelve years later I was flying people around the world 32__________a pilot of a big airline company.

After ten years in the company I started my own 33__________ .

Today I run a billion-dollar company, but it was on the farm that I learned the principles(原则)that have 34__________ me. Hard work and determination do 35__________ dreams come true.

21. 请选择最佳选项( )。

A. Before

B. When

C. Since

D. Though

22. 请选择最佳选项( )。

A. again

B. now

C. then

D. Still

23. 请选择最佳选项( )。

A. wasted

B. spent

C. followed

D. Meant

24. 请选择最佳选项( )。

A. save

B. pull

C. ride

D. Feed

25. 请选择最佳选项( )。

A. offered

B. sent

C. returned

D. Posted

26. 请选择最佳选项( )。

A. learned

B. replied

C. warned

D. Agreed

27. 请选择最佳选项( )。

A. built

B. opened

C. visited

D. Borrowed

28. 请选择最佳选项( )。

A. neighbors

B. friends

C. customers

D. Passengers

29. 请选择最佳选项( )。

A. chance

B. day

C. place

D. Hour

30. 请选择最佳选项( )。

A. received

B. needed

C. collected

D. Prepared

31. 请选择最佳选项( )。

A. truck

B. car

C. plane

D. Bus

32. 请选择最佳选项( )。

A. to

B. by

C. for

D. As

33. 请选择最佳选项( )。

A. business

B. job

C. journey

D. Area

34. 请选择最佳选项( )。

A. reminded

B. guided

C. excited

D. Pressed

35. 请选择最佳选项( )。

A. take

B. put

C. see

D. Make

四、阅读理解:共l5小题;每题3分,共45分。阅读下列短文,然后根据短文的内容从每小题的四个选择项中选出最佳的一项。

A

Recently, more than 2,000 high school teachers have been asked about the effect of the Interneton their students. Teachers say the Internet has had a good influence(影响and a not-so-good influence on this generation.

Three quarters of the teachers say the Internet and search tools have had a great effect on theirstudents'research habits and skills. But 87 percent agree that this young generation don' t knowabout hard work and can't stay attentive(注意力集中的) for long. And 64 percent say the Internetdoes more to distract (使分心)students than to help them in their studies. Many students think "doingresearch"just means doing a quick search on Google.

According to the teachers, one problem is that students trust too much of the information on theInternet. These students have not developed skills to judge the quality of the information. It' s some-thing that really has to be taught and paid attention to. It' s like everything else. In a world wherethings can happen quickly, you really need to have a way to step back, think and make judgmentabout the information you have. And teachers can do a lot to teach that.

Another problem is that being able to quickly find information keeps the students from workinghard. They become dependent on search tools and do not make enough use of printed books. Manyteachers are also afraid that the Internet makes it easy for students to copy work done by others.

36. What does the text mainly discuss about the Internet?

A. Its success in high school teaching.

B. Its influence on school teachers.

C. Its achievements in school research.

D. Its effect on high school students.

37. What is the percentage of the teachers who think the students need hard work?

A. 75%.

B. 64%.

C. 87%.

D. 70%.

38. What should be taught to students according to Paragraph 3 ?

A. Ways to improve their research habits.

B. How to do research on the Internet.

C. Skills to judge the quality of information.

D. How to pay attention to their studies.

39. What will happen when students depend too much on search tools?

A. Their studies will be greatly improved.

B. They won' t make good use of books.

C. Their attention to things will last longer.

D. They won' t copy work done by others.

B

I am watching my son and hundreds of his classmates, marching in perfect order into the univer-

sity football stadium(体育场).Holding back my tears, I search for my son in the sea of people. Sud-denly, there he is. I jump to my feet and start waving. Arms flying back and forth above my head, Ilook like a windmill(风车),or maybe an airport worker guiding a plane. I see him smile,then laughas he pulls his camera out of his pocket. He takes a picture of me as he waves back, and then goes tofind his seat.

What is it about graduations that makes them so moving? Why do most of us women cry as we-watch our sons ,daughters, grandchildren, nieces, and nephews march in dark robes(长袍) .9 We crypartly because, no matter how old our children are, and no matter how much they have achieved, inour eyes they are still the little babies we carry around the house to comfort.

And ,of course, we cry also because something wonderful is ending, and we miss it already.Whatever is on its way to take its place will not be the same. It has been such a gift to have my songo to college close to home. We never have to worry about whether he will be able to make the triphome for a hohday. But this was a time-limited gift. My son will attend graduate school in California.We will talk and text like crazy, and visit as often as we can. But it will not be the same.

40. Why are people gathering in the university stadium?

A. They are having a group photo taken.

B. They are watching a football match.

C. They are attending a college graduation.

D. They are taking part in a sports meet.

41. Whom does the son take a picture of before taking his seat?

A. People in the stadium.

B. An airport worker.

C. His classmates.

D. His mother.

42. The writer cries partly because__________

A. she misses the days when she could often see her son

B. she is disappointed that they have to move to California

C. she feels sad that her son has achieved little at college

D. she is afraid her son cannot find a job after graduation

43. What will be different when the son attends graduate school?

A. He will spend holidays at home.

B. He will not call his mom so often.

C. He will be far away from home.

D. He will not give his mom any gift.

C

Once a month,just after sunset, trucks fill an outdoor parking lot in Los Angeles, California.Some trucks sell all kinds of food. Others have clothing for sale. These are known as fashion (时尚)trucks.

It's really fun to go through everything in the truck. The back of the truck is a small store.Clothing hangs on one side. Jewelry(首饰) and purses are on the other. The store looks colorful andis well organized. There is also a very small room for trying on clothes.

Jordana Fortaleza is one of the truck owners. She says the cost of owning a truck is much lowerthan paying for a store. And there is another reason to use a truck. You can take your business toyour customers. But there are also difficulties.

The biggest problem is the weather. In winter, it' s cold outside and there' s no one around. Anotherproblem is keeping the truck in good condition. When it breaks down, the repairs can take days. Businessstops during the time. It happens at least once a year because her truck is 38 years old.

Meagan Rogers is a fashion school graduate. She says the job market is so hard now, but with afashion truck she' s able to start earning money while her classmates are still working without pay.44.Which of the following is an advantage of a fashion truck?

A. It attracts more customers.

B. It costs less than a store.

C. It needs repairs once a year.

D. It has a small room in it.

45. What do we know about Meagan Rogers?

A. She has started making money.

B. She hasn' t finished her school.

C. She is happy to help her classmates.

D. She has problems with her truck.

46. What would be the best title for the text?

A. Tips for Repairing Your Truck

B. How to Start a Clothes Store

C. The Story of a Fashion School

D. Fashion Trucks in Los Angeles

Body language is of great importance tohumans. We carry many of the meanings through body

movements. However, many forms of body language we consider to be fine in our country can get usinto trouble in other parts of the world.

A smile is one of the most common examples in different countries. While Americans smile freely atstrangers,in Russia this is considered strange and even impolite. In Asian countries a smile isn' tnecessarily an expression of joy but it can be used to express pain.

The acceptable physical distance is another major difference. In Latin America and the MiddleEast the acceptable distance is much shorter than what most Europeans and Americans feet comforta-ble with. Hand and arm movements as a form of body language are also very different amongcountries. Handshakes are usually acceptable almost everywhere, even between strangers;however,kissing on the cheek and touching on the shoulder or other body parts aren' t. For many people inAsia and other parts of the world, such actions are seen as a violation (侵犯) of one' s personalspace. This is why you should not touch others easily.

Eye contact(目光接触)is one of the forms of body language where the differences are most strikingInAmerica and Latin America looking the other person in the eye is a sign of respect. But in Asian countries,prolonged(过长的)eye contact is especially rude,so you should try your best not to do that.

47. To humans, body language is__________.

A. important

B. funny

C. uncommon

D. Strange

48. In which place is smiling at strangers considered impolite?

A. The U.S.

B. Asia.

C. Latin America.

D. Russia.

49. Which form of body language is acceptable almost everywhere?

A. Kissing on the cheek.

B. Shaking hands.

C. Touching on the shoulder.

D. Keeping a short distance.

50. What does striking in the fourth paragraph most probably mean?

A. Interesting to read.

B. Easy to notice.

C. Impossible to remember.

D. Difficult to accept.

第Ⅱ卷(非选择题,共45分)

五、补全对话:共5旬;每旬满分为3分。共15分。根据中文提示,把对话中缺少的内容写在线上。这些句子必须符合英语表达习惯。打句号的地方,用陈述句;打问号的地方,用疑问句。

提示:Jane把包忘在了公交车上。她来到公交失物招领处寻找,一位女士接待了她。

( Jane = J ; Woman = W)W:Can I help you?

J:Yes, I hope so. I left my bag on a bus this morning.

W: 51 ?

J:Bus No. 16.

W: 52 ?

J:It' s a middle-sized white bag.

W: 53 ?

J:My purse and keys.

W : 54 , please ?

J : Jane Smith.

W:AI1 right,you can come again tomorrow morning and see what we've got here.

J:OK. 55

W : You' re welcome.

51. 请填写最佳选择答案()。

52.请填写最佳选择答案()。

53.请填写最佳选择答案()。

54.请填写最佳选择答案()。

55.请填写最佳选择答案()。

六、书面表达:满分30分。

假设你是李华,请用英语写一封信邀请Mike参加你和朋友在颐和园的周末野餐,并告诉他你将负责面包、水果和饮料。具体安排如下:

自带物品:自己最喜欢的一道菜

集合地点:学校北门公交车站

出发时间:星期日早上8点

注意:词数应为100左右

Dear Mike,

Yours,

Li Hua


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