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2018成人高考专升本《英语》考前提分练习及答案二

来源: 中国教育在线     2018年10月10日

2018成人高考专升本《英语》考前提分练习及答案二

Ⅰ. Phonetics (5 points)

Directions: In each of the following groups of words, there are four underlined letters or letter combinations marked A, B, C and D. compare the underlined parts and identify the one that is different from the others in pronunciation. Mark your answer by blackening the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.

1. A. cake B. made C. staff D. hate

2. A. weight B. neighbor C. eight D. height

3. A. car B. war C. star D. far

4. A. look B. blood C. cook D. book

5. A. wonder B. weapon C. whole D. water

Ⅱ. Vocabulary and Structure (15 points)

Directions: There are 15 incomplete sentences in this section. For each sentence there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. choose one answer that best completes the sentence and blacken the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.

6. I prefer to live somewhere then sun shines all year long.

A. of which B. which C. where D. at where

7. Last year, some poor people had hardly the severe winter.

A. lived B. survived C. endured D. remained

8. Only in my forties a purpose in life.

A. I did find B. I found C. found I D. did I find

9. I’d like to go swimming with you; , my hands are full at the moment.

A. however B. wherever C. whatever D. whenever

10. The committee is totally opposed any chances being made in the plans.

A. of B. to C. against D. on

11. Leave your key with a neighbor you lock yourself out one day.

A. ever since B. even if C. soon after D. in case

12. he had not hurt his leg, John would have won the race.

A. If B. Since C. Though D. When

13. What fine weather it is today!

A. a B. the C. an D. /

14. The hotel wasn’t particularly good, but I in many worse hotels.

A. was staying B. stayed C. would stay D. had stayed

15. This January will be very precious for us by which time we completing the construction work.

A. will finish B. will have finished C. have finished D. will be finished

16. Every day, I walk London Theater.

A. past B. pass C. passing D. passed

17. ---How did you find your visit to Disneyland?

---I enjoyed it very much. It was than I had expected.

A. far more interested B. far more interesting

C. so interesting D. even more interested

18. There were about people there.

A. two thousand of B. two thousands of C. two thousands D. two thousand

19. Mary was in the exam.

A. first B. a first C. the first D. one

20. Last week, only two people came to look at the house, wanted to buy it.

A. none of them B. both of them C. none of whom D. neither of whom

Ⅲ. Cloze (30 points)

Directions: For each blank in the following passage, there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. choose the one that is most suitable and mark your answer by blackening the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.

The Nobel Prizes are awards that are given each year for special things that people or group of people have achieved. They are awarded in six 21 : physics, chemistry, medicine, literature, peace and economics.

The prizes come from 22 that was created by the Swedish inventor Alfred Nobel. He wanted to use some of his money to help make the world a 23 place to live.

Many organizations, chosen by Alfred Nobel himself, 24 who receives the prizes. Each award

25 a gold medal, a diploma and a lot of money. Prices can only be given to 26 of all races,

countries and religions. Only the Peace Prize can 27 be given to a group.

The first Nobel Prizes were handed out 28 December 10, 1901 - five years after Alfred Nobel’s death. Nobel was a chemist, engineer and inventor 29 most famous invention, dynamite, made him a 30 man.

Although he gave the world such a 31 weapon, Nobel was always against wars and 32 . He therefore left a lot of money that was to go to those who did a lot for the peace of 33 .

Officials at first handed out only five prizes a year. The prize 34 economics was first awarded in 1969. In years prizes have not been awarded because there were no 35 candidates.

All prizes are presented in Stockholm, Sweden, only the Peace Prize is awarded in Oslo, Norway.

21. A. parts B. areas C.regions D.classes

22. A.a bond B.a fund C.a scholarship D.an investment

23. A. cleaner B.richer C.better D.larger

24. A .declare B.conclude C.determine D.announce

25. A .makes up B.focuses on C.refers to D.consists of

26. A.organizations B.singles C.institutions D.individuals

27. A.yet B.also C.still D.ever

28. A.on B.in C.at D.by

29. A.who B.that C.whose D.whom

30. A.humorous B.rich C. serious D.smart

31. A.strange B.mysterious C.magic D.deadly

32. A.violence B.hatred C.confusion D.jealousy

33. A.races B.regions C.mind D.mankind

34. A. for B. of C. with D. in

35 A.valuable B.invaluable C.worthy D.worthwhile

Ⅳ. Reading Comprehension (60 points)

Directions: There are five reading passages in this part. Each passage is followed by four questions. For each question there are four suggested answers marked A, B, C and D. choose the best answer and blacken the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.

Passage One

My grandfather came from Hungary and was the only one in his family who settled down in the United States. The rest of his family remained in Europe. When World War I broke out, he seemed to have become another man, downherated. Such obvious change was not born out of his welfare, but out of fear: if his only son, my uncle, had to go to war, it would be cousin fighting against cousin.

One day in 1918, my Uncle Milton received his draft notice. My grandparents were very upset. But my mother, at the age of 10, felt on top of the world about her soldier brother going off to war. Realizing how he was regarded by his little sister and all of her friends, my uncle bought them all service pins, which meant that they had a loved one in the service. All the little girls were delighted.

The moment came when my uncle and the other soldiers, without any training but all in uniforms, boarded the train. The band played and the crowd cheered. Although no one noticed, I’m sure my grandmother had a tear in her eye for the only son. The train slowly pulled out, but not about a thousand yards when it suddenly paused. Everyone stared in wonder as the train slowly returned to the station. There was a dead silence before the doors opened and the men started to step out. Someone shouted,”The war is over. ”For a moment, nobody moved, but then the people heard someone bark orders at the soldiers. The men lined up in two lines, walked down the steps, and with the band playing, marched down the street, as returning heroes, to be welcomed home. My mother said it was great day, but she was just a little disappointed that it didn’t last a tiny bit longer.

36. What the grandfather was most worried about was .

A. the spread of the world war

B. the safety of his living two cousins

C. a drop in his living standards

D. his relatives killing each other

37. The underlined phrase “draft notice” means “ ”.

A. order for army service

B. train ticket for Europe

C. letter of rejection

D. note of warning

38. What did the “service pins”(in Para. 2)stand for in the dyes of the little girls?

A. Strength. C. Victory.

B. Courage. D. Honor.

39. Which of the following words can best describe the ending of the story?

A. Disappointing. C. Uncertain.

B. Unexpected. D. Inspiring.

Passage Two

Three years ago, five parrots were set free in a wild place of Arizona, thousands of miles from the Channel Islands in Jersey sher they had been looked after by zookeepers. No evolutionary strategies informed them how to behave in this new Landscape of mountainous pine forest unoccupied by their king for 50 years. To the researchers’ surprise, they failed to make contact with a group of wild parrots imported from Mexico and set free at the same time. Within 24 hours the reintroducing ended in failure, and the poor birds were back in cages, on their way to the safety of the Arizona reintroduction programme.

Ever since then, the programme has enjoyed great success, mainly because the birds now being set free are Mexican birds illegally caught in the wild, confiscated (没收) on arrival north of the border, and raised by their parents in the safety of the programme. The experience shows how little we know about the behaviour and psychology(心理) of parrots, as Peter Bennett, a bird researcher, points out:” Reintroducing species of high intelligence like parrots is a lot more difficult. People like parrots, always treating them as nothing more than pers or valuable ‘collectables’. ”

Now that many species of parrot are in immediate danger of dying out, biologists are working together to study the natural history and the behaviour of this family of birds. Last year was an important turning point: conservationists founded the World Parrot Trust, based at Hayle in Cornwall, to support research into both wild and caged birds.

Research on parrots is vital for two reasons. Forest, as the Arizona programme showed, when reintroducing parrots to the wild, we need to be aware of what the birds must know if they are to survive in their natural home. We also need to learn more about the needs of parrots keot as pets, particularly as the Trust’s campaign does not attempt to discourage the practice, but rather urges people who buy parrots as pets to choose birds raised by humans.

40. What do we know about the area where the five parrots were reintroduced?

A. Its landscape is new to parrots of their king.

B. It used to be home to parrots of their kind.

C. It is close to where they had been kept.

D. Pine trees were planted to attract birds.

41. The reintroducing experience three years ago shows that man-raised parrots ______.

A. can find their way back home in Jersey

B. are unable to recognize their parents

C. are unable to adapt to the wild

D. can produce a new species

42. Why are researches on parrots important according to the passage?

A. The Trust shows great concern for the programme.

B. We need to knows more about how to preserve parrots

C. Many people are interested in collecting parrots.

D. Parrots’ intelligence may some day benefit people.

43. According to the passage, people are advised_______.

A. to treat wild and caged parrots equally

B to set up comfortable homes for parrots

C. not to keep wild parrots as pets

D. not to let more parrots go to the wild

Passage Three

When I was seven my father gave me a Timex, my first watch. I loved it, wore it for years, and haven’t had another one since it stopped ticking a decade ago. Why? Because I don’t need one. I have a mobile phone and I’m always near someone with an iPod or something like that. All these devices(装置)tell the time—which is why, if you look around, you’ll see lots of empty wrists; sales of watches to young adults have been going down since 2007.

But while the wise have realized that they don’t need them, others—apparently including some distinguished men of our time—are spending total fortunes on them. Brands such as Rolex, Patek Philippe and Breitling command shocking prices, up to £250.000 for a piece.

This is ridiculous. Expensive cars go faster than cheap cars. Expensive clothes hang better than cheap clothes. But these days all watches tell the time as well as all other watches. Expensive watches come with extra functions—but who needs them? How often do you dive to 300 metres into the sea or need to find your direction in the area around the South Pole? So why pay that much of five years’ school fees for watches that allow you to do these things?

If justice were done, the Swiss watch industry should have closed down when the Japanese discovered how to make accurate watches for a five-pound note. Instead the Swiss reinvented the watch, with the aid of millions of pounds’ worth of advertising, as a message about the man wearing it. Rolexes are for those who spend their weekends climbing icy mountains; a Patek Philippe is for one from a rich or noble family; a Breitling suggests you like to pilot planes across the world.

Watches are now classified as “investments”(投资). A 1994 Philippe recently sold for nearly? £350, 000, while 1960s Rolexes have gone from? 15, 000 to? 30, 000 plus in a year. But a watch is not an investment. It’s a toy for self-satisfaction, a matter of fashion. Prices may keep going up-—they’ve been rising for 15 years. But when of fashion. Prices may keep going up—they’ve been rising for 15 years. But when fashion moves on, the owner of that? £350, 000 beauty will suddenly find his pride and joy is no more a good investment than my childhood Times.

44. The sales of watches to young people have fallen because they__________.

A. have other devices to tell the time

B. think watches too expensive

C. prefer to wear an iPod

D. have no sense of time

45. It seems ridiculous to the writer that_______________.

A. people dive 300 metres into the sea

B. expensive clothes sell better than cheap ones

C. cheap cars don’t run as fast as expensive ones

D. expensive watches with unnecessary functions still sell

46. What can be learnt about Swiss watch industry from the passage?

A. It targets rich people as its potential customers.

B. It’s hard for the industry to beat its competitors.

C. It wastes a huge amount of money in advertising.

D. It’s easy for the industry to reinvent cheap watches.

47. Which would be the best title for the passage?

A. Timex or Rolex?

B. My Childhood Timex

C. Watches? Mot for Me!

D. Watches—a Valuable Collection

Passage Four

A few years ago, Paul Gerner began to gather a group of architects in Las vegas to ask them what it would take to design a public school that used 50 percent less energy, cost much less to build and obviously improved student learning . ”I think half of then fell off their chairs,” Gerner says.

Gerner manages school facilities (设施)for Clark county, Nevada, a district roughly the size of Massachusetts. By 2018, 143, 000 additional students will enter the already crowded public-education system. Gerner needs 73 new schools to house them. Four architecture teams have nearly finished designing primary school prototypes (样品) ; They plan to construct their schools starting in 2009. The district will then assess how well the schools perform, and three winners will copy those designs in 50 to 70 new buildings.

Green schools are appearing all over, but in Clark County, which stands out for its vastness, such aggressive targets are difficult because design requirements like more natural light for students go against the realities of a desert climate. ”One of the biggest challenges is getting the right site orientation(朝向), ” Mark McGinty, a director at SH Architecture, says. His firm recently completed a high school in Las Vegas. “You have the same building, same set of windows, but if its orientation is incorrect and it faces the sun, it will be really expensive to cool.”

Surprisingly, the man responsible for one of re most progressive green-design competitions has doubts about ideas of eco-friendly buildings. ”I don’t believe in the new green religion,” Gerner says. ”Gerner says.”Some of the building technologies that you get are impractical. I’m interested in those that work. ”But he wouldn’t mind if some green features inspire students. He says he hopes to set up green energy systems that allow them to learn about the process of harvesting wind and solar power. ”You never know what’s going to start the interest of a child to study math and science,”he says.

48.How did the architects react to Garner’s design requirements?

A. They lost balance in excitement.

B. they showed strong disbelief.

C. they expressed little interest.

D. they burst into cheers.

49.Which order of steps is followed in carrying out the project?

A. Assessment-Prototype-Design-Construction.

B. Assessment-Design-Prototype-Construction.

C. Design-Assessment-Prototype-Construction.

D. Design-Prototype-Assessment-Construction.

50.What makes it difficult to build green schools in Clark County?

A. The large size.

B. Limited facilities.

C. The desert climate.

D. Poor natural resources.

51.What does Gerner think of the ideas of green schools?

A. They are questionable. C. They are advanced.

B. They are out of date. D. They are practical.

Passage Five

Sunday is more like Monday than it used to be, Places of business that used to keep daytime “business hours” are now open late into the night. And on the Internet, the hour of the day and the day of the week have become irrelevant (不相关的). A half century ago in the United states, most people experienced strong and precise dividing lines between days of rest and days of work, school time and summer time, Today the boundaries still exist, but they seem not clear.

The law in almost all states used to require stores to close on Sunday; in most, it no longer does , It used to keep the schools open in all seasons except summer, in most, it still does. And whether the work week should strengthen its legal limits, or whether it should become more “flexible” is often debated, How should we , as a society, organize our time? Should we go even further in relaxing the boundaries of time until we live in a world in which every minute is much like every other?

These are not easy questions even to ask. Part of the difficulty is that we rarely recognize the “law of time” even when we meet it face to face. We know as children that we have to attend school a certain number of hours, a certain number of days, a certain number of years—but unless we meet the truant officer (学监) , we may well think that we should go to school due to social custom and parents’ demand rather than to the law. As adults we are familiar with “extra pay for overtime working.”but less familiar with the fact that what constitutes(构成) “overtime” is a matter of legal definition. , When we turn the clock forward to start daylight—saving time, have we ever thought to ourselves; “Here is the law in action”? As we shall see, there is a lot of law that has great influence on how organize and use time: compulsory education law, overtime law, and daylight-saving law—as well as law about Sunday closing, holidays, being late to work , time zones, and so on. Once we begin to look for it, we will have no trouble finding a law of time to examine and assess.

52. By saying” Sunday is more like Monday than it used to be,” the writer means that __________.

A. work time is equal to rest time

B. many people have a day off on Monday,

C. it is hard for people to decide when to rest

D. the line between work time and rest time is unclear

53. The author raises the questions in Paragraph 2 to introduce the fact that people____.

A. fail to make full use of their time

B. enjoy working overtime for extra pay

C. are unaware of the law of time

D. welcome flexible working hours

54. According to the passage, most children tend to believe that they go to school because they_____.

A. need to acquire knowledge

B. have to obey their parents

C. need to find companions

D. have to observe the law

55. What is the main idea of the passage?

A. Our life is governed by the law of time

B. How to organize time is not worth debating.

C. New ways of using time change our society.

D. Our time schedule is decided by social customs

Ⅴ. Daily Conversation (15 points)

Directions: Pick out appropriate expressions from the eight choices below and complete the following dialogue by blackening the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.

A. I’ll say I did B. Wonderful

C. Yes, it was D. That’s a good idea

E. You’d better buy some fruit and sandwiches

F. What kind of fruit do you like G. How about 6 o’clock in the morning

H. I’ll be there

Jane: How do you like the idea of having a picnic this Saturday?

Michael: 56 . But where shall we go?

Jane: What about going to the Western Hill? It’s quite cool there.

Michael: 57 . Shall we invite John and his girlfriend to go with us?

Jane: OK. And we can ask them to prepare some drinks.

Michael: What should I do then?

Jane: 58 .

Michael: 59 ?

Jane: I like oranges, watermelons, grapes, and bananas.

Michael: When shall we start off?

Jane: 60 ? We can get there in an hour and a half.

参考答案:

Ⅰ. Phonetics (5 points)

Directions: In each of the following groups of words, there are four underlined letters or letter combinations marked A, B, C and D. compare the underlined parts and identify the one that is different from the others in pronunciation. Mark your answer by blackening the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.

1~5. CDBBC

Ⅱ. Vocabulary and Structure (15 points)

Directions: There are 15 incomplete sentences in this section. For each sentence there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. choose one answer that best completes the sentence and blacken the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.

6~10 CBAAB

11~15 DADDB

16~20 ABDCD

Ⅲ. Cloze (30 points)

Directions: For each blank in the following passage, there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. choose the one that is most suitable and mark your answer by blackening the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.

21~25 BBCDD

26~30 DAACB

31~35 DADAC

Ⅳ. Reading Comprehension (60 points)

Directions: There are five reading passages in this part. Each passage is followed by four questions. For each question there are four suggested answers marked A, B, C and D. choose the best answer and blacken the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.

36~39 DADB

40~43 BCBC

44~47 ADAC

48~51 BDCA

52~55 DCBA

Ⅴ. Daily Conversation (15 points)

Directions: Pick out appropriate expressions from the eight choices below and complete the following dialogue by blackening the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.

56~60 BDEFG

Ⅵ. Writing (25 points)

Directions: For this part, you are supposed to write a composition in English in 100-120 words based on the following information. Remember to write it clearly.

根据下面的汉语提示,写一篇题为 “Why Should We Learn English” 的短文。

(1)英语现已成为一种国际语言;

(2)现在大多数书籍、报纸和杂志都以英文出版和印刷;

(3)学习英语需要耐心。

Why Should We Learn English

English language has now become an international language. Many countries in the world use English and more people are learning English. Many people who attend the international conference, go abroad and do business with foreigners have to speak it.

Nowadays, most of the valuable books, newspapers and magazines are printed and published in English. If we want to obtain more information and knowledge, we have to learn English well. English is certainly regarded as a tool of communication.

Learning English needs patience. It is quite often for anyone to meet with trouble while learning English. In this case, to be patient is indeed very important. The only way for us to learn English well is to memorize new words, and read English articles patiently and carefully.

Michael: OK. I’ll call John and tell him about our plan.

Ⅵ. Writing (25 points)

Directions: For this part, you are supposed to write a composition in English in 100-120 words based on the following information. Remember to write it clearly.

根据下面的汉语提示,写一篇题为 “Why Should We Learn English” 的短文。

(1)英语现已成为一种国际语言;

(2)现在大多数书籍、报纸和杂志都以英文出版和印刷;

(3)学习英语需要耐心。

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