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2018成人高考专升本《英语》考前提分练习及答案四

来源: 中国教育在线     2018年10月10日

2018成人高考专升本《英语》考前提分练习及答案四

Part I Listening Comprehension(15 Points,15minutes)(Omitted)(略)

Part II Vocabulary and Structure

Directions: In this part there are 20 incomplete sentences. For each sentence there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the ONE answer that best completes the sentence. Then blacken the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.

16. Tom told me that he would have to ______ her invitation to the party.

A. avoid B.refuse C. deny D. ignore

17. Many new _____ will be opened up in the future for those with a university education.

A. opportunities B. necessities C. realities D. probabilities

18. The rain was heavy and _____ the land was flooded.

A. consequently B.continuously C. constantly D. conversely

19. Children who are over-protected by their parents may become _____

A. hurt B. damaged C.spoiled D. harmed

20.The police are _____ the road accident that occurred last night. .

A.looking up B. looking on C.looking out D. looking into

21. - I believe we've met somewhere before.

- No, ________.

A. it isn't the same B. it can't be true C. I don't think so  D. I'd rather not

22. Summers in ________ south of France are for ________ most part dry and   sunny.

A. 不填; a    B. the; 不填    C. 不填;不填    D. the; the

23. When you turn on the TV set, clear pictures will _______ appear on the screen.

A. rapidly B. hurriedly C. lately D . immediately

24.I'm very sorry to have _______ you with so many questions on such an occasion.

A.interfered B. offended C. impressed D. bothered

25.The house was very quiet, _______ as it was on the side of a mountain.

A.isolated B. isolating C.being isolated D.having been isolated

26.Although they plant trees in this area every year, the tops of some hills are still _______.

A. blank B.hollow C.vacant D.bare

27. Their room was on the third floor, its window ____________ the sports ground.

A. overlooks B.overlooking C. overlooked D. to overlook

28. On no account ____________ to anyone who works in the company.

A.my name must be mentioned B. my name must mention

C. must my name be mentioned D.must my name mention

29. It was a wonderful play with a ____________ of over fifty actors and actresses.

A. list B. group C. bunch D.herd

30. At the meeting both sides exchanged their views on a wide ____________ of topics they were interested in.

A. extent B. number C. collection D. range

31. His ____________ has changed but he has kept the fine qualities of a scientific researcher.

A. state B. status C. station D.statue

32. - It's a good idea. But who's going to ________ the plan?

- I think Tom and Greg will.

A. set aside   B. carry out   C. take in    D.get through

33. - I just heard that the tickets for tonight's show have been sold out.

-Oh no!__________.

A. I was looking forward to that  B. It doesn't matter

C. I knew it already       D. It's not at all interesting

34.I would be very _______if you could give me an early reply.

A. Pleasant B. grateful C. satisfied D. helpful

35. This is not a match. We’re_______ playing chess just for .

A. habit B. hobby C. fun D. game

Part III Reading Comprehension

Directions: This part is to test your reading ability. There are 4 tasks for you to fulfill. You should read this materials carefully and do the tasks as you are instructed.

Task 1

The famous director of a big and expensive movie planned to film a beauful sunset over the ocean.so that the audiences could see his bero and hcroine in front of it at the end of the film as they said goodbye to each other for ever.He sent his camera crew(摄制组)out one eviningto film the sunset for him .

The next morning he said to the men,“Have you provided me with that sunset?”

“No .sir.”the men answered.

The director was angry .“Why not?”he asked.

“Well ,sir,”one of the men answered.“we’re on the east coast here ,and the sets in the west.We can get you a sunrise over the sea .if necessary.but not a sunset.”

“But I want a sunset!”the director shouted.“Go to the airport .take the next flight to the west coast ,and get one.”

But then a young secretary had an idea.“Why don’t you photograph a sunrise.”she suggested.“and then play it backwards? Then it’ll look like a sunset.”

The camera crew went out early the next morning and filmed a bright sunrise ove the beach in the middle of a beautful bay(海湾)。Then at nine o’clock they took it to the director.“Here it is sir.”they said ,and gave it to him.He was very pleased.

They all went into the studio(摄影棚).“All right.”the director explained.“now our hero and heroine are going to say good-bye.Run the film backwards so that we can see the ‘sunset bchind them.’”

The “sunser ”began,but after a quarter of a minute,the director suddenly put his face in his hands and shouted to the camera crew to stop.

The birds in the film were flying backwards.and the waves on the sea were going away from the beach.

36.One evening.the director sent his camera crew out ________.

A.to watch a beautiful sunset B.to find an actor and an sctress

C.to film a scene on the sea D.to meet the audlence

37.Why did the director want to send his crew to the west coast?

A.Because he changed his mind about getting a sunset .

B.Because he was angry with his crew.

C.Because it was his secretary’s suggestion.

D.Bccause he wanted to get a scene of sunset.

38.Which of the foolowing is NOT true?

A.The crew had to follow the secretary’s advice.

B.If you want to see a sunrise.the cast coast is the place to go to .

C.The camera crew wasn’t able to film the scene the first day.

D.The director ordered his crew to stop filming the“sunset”.

39.The director wanted to film a sunset over the occan because_______.

A.it went well with the separation of the hero and the heroine

B.when they arrived at the beach it was already in the evening

C.it was more moving than a sunrise

D.the ocean looked more beauiful at sunset

40.After the “sunset ”began,the director suddenly put his face in his hands______.

A.becayse ge was nived ti tears.

B.as he saw everything in the film moving backwards.

C.as the sunrise did not look as beautiful as he had imagined

D.because he was disappointed with the performance of the hero and heroin

Task 2

I came to study in the United States a year ago .Yet I did not know the real American cociety until I was injuned in a car accident because after the accident I had to see a doctor and go to court(法庭)。

After the accident .my roommate called a doctor for me.Iwas very grateful and determined to repay him one day.But the next day.he asked me to pay him S200 for what he had done.I was astonished.He had good reason to charge me ,he said.And if I wanted to collect money form the person who was responsible for my injury.i’d have to have a good lawyer.And only a good doctor can help me get a good lawyer .Now that he had helped me find a good doctor ,it was only fair that I should pay him.

But every I went to see the doctor.I had to wait about 50 minutes .He would see two or three patients at the same time .and often stop treating one so as to see another.Yet he charged me $115 each time . The final examination report consisted of ten lines.and it caost me $215 .

My lawyer was all smiles the first time we met .But after that he avoided seeing me at all.He knew very well the other party was respoasible for the accident.yet he hardly did anything.He simply waited to collect his money.He was so imesponsible that I decided to dismiss(解雇) him .And he made me pay him s770.

Now I had to act as my own lawyer.Dae to my inexpenence.I told the insurance company the date I was leaving America.Knowing that.they played for time and I left without getting a cent.

My expeiences taught me two things about America:firstly,in a country like America money is everything.It is more important than friendship ,honour or professional morality (职业道德)Secondly.foreigners are still being unfairly treated.So when we talk about America.we should see both its good and bad sides.

41The author’s roommated offered to help him because_______.

A.he felt sorry for the author

B.he thought it was a chance to make some money

C.he knew the doctor was a very good one

D.he wanted the author to have a good lawyer

42.A good doctor is essential for the author to _________.

A.be properly treated

B.talk with the person responsible for the accident

C.recover before he leaves America

D.eventually get the responsible party to pay for his injury

43.The word“charge”in this passage means_________.

A.be responsible B.accuse C.ask as a price D.claim

44.Both the docto and the lawyer in this passage are very________.

A.frendly B.greedy C.professional D.busy

45.What conclusion can you draw from the story?

A. Going to court is something very common in America.

B.One must be very careful whicle driving a car.

C.There are more bad sides in America than good sides.

D.Money is more important than other things in the US.

Task 3

How men first learned to invent words is unknown, in other words, the origin of language is a mystery. All we really know is that men, unlike animals, somehow invented certain sounds to express thoughts and feeling, actions and things, so that they could communicate with each other; and that later they agreed upon certain signs, called letters, which could be combined to represent those sounds and which could be written down. Those sounds, whether spoken, or written in letter, we call words.

The power of words, then lies in their associations ---the things they bring up before our minds. Words become filled with meanings for us by experience; and the longer we live, the more certain words recall to us the glad and sad events of our past; and the more we read and learn, the more the number of words that mean something to us increase.

Great writers are those who not only have great thoughts but also express these thoughts in words which appear powerfully to our minds and emotions. This charming and telling use of words is what we call literary style. above all , the real poet is a master of words. He can convey his meaning in words which sing like music, and which by their position and association can move men to tears. We should , therefore, learn to choose our words carefully and use them accurately, or they will make our speech silly and vulgar.

46.The origin of language is ______

A)a legend handed down from the past

B)a matter that is hidden or secret

C)a question difficult to answer

D) a problem not yet solved

47.One of the reasons why men invented certain sounds to express thoughts and action was that _______

A)they could agree upon certain signs

B)they could write them down

C)they could communicate with each other

D) they could combine them together

48.What is true about words?

A)they are used to express feeling only.

B)they can not be written down

C)they are simply sounds

D) they are mysterious

49.The real power of words exists in their ______

A)properties B)characteristics C)peculiarity D) representative function

50.Which of the following statements is true ?

A)the more we read and learn, the more ignorant we are

B)the more we read and learn, the more confused we will be

C)the more we read and learn, the more learned we are

D) the more we read and learn, the more snobbish we become

Task 4

Directions: The following is an email from Peter Smith. After reading it, you should give brief answers to the 5 questions (numbered 66 through 70) below. The answers (in no more than 5 words) should be written after the corresponding numbers.

Date: Thurs. May 26, 2005 15:26:58

From: PeterSmith@Yahoo.com

To: WangHaihong@163.com

Re: Low air conditioner stock level

Dear Mr. Wang,

You may remember that at the end of last month I sent you a mobile message reminding you that we urgently needed to increase our stock of air conditioners for the coming summer.

I have recently noticed that our stock of air conditioners is dangerously low, and that unless we order a large number in the very near future, the stock will run out in the middle of summer.

We urgently need at least 200 Haier Brand 1HP Model and 100 Haier Brand 3HP Model air conditioners if we are to meet the demand. Please order these as soon as possible from the Customer Center of the manufacturer, Haier Group in Qingdao.

All the best

Peter

51.What is the receiver’s email address?

The receiver’s email address is__________________________________.

52.What is Peter’s email about?

It is about __________________________________.

53.Why did Peter send Mr. Wang a mobile message at the end of last month?

He wanted to remind him that they needed an increase of _____________________ urgently.

54.What trouble does Peter’s company have now?

They have a trouble in__________________________________.

55.How many air conditioners does Peter require Mr. Zhang to order?

Peter wants MR. Zhang to order ______ Haier Brand 1HP Model and ______ Haier Brand 3HP Model air conditioners.

Part IV Translation

Section A Put the following into Chinese. ( 10 Points )

56.The camera crew went out early the next morning and filmed a bright sunrise ove the beach in the middle of a beautful bay(海湾)

____________________________________________________________________________

57.The birds in the film were flying backwards.and the waves on the sea were going away from the beach.

_____________________________________________________________________________

58.Now that he had helped me find a good doctor ,it was only fair that I should pay him.

____________________________________________________________________________

59.The final examination report consisted of ten lines.and it caost me $215 .

___________________________________________________________________________

60.I have had great deal of trouble keeping up with the rest of the class.

____________________________________________________________________________

Section B Put the following into Einglish. ( 10 Points )

61.吸烟对人体非常有害,每年吸烟死亡的人数是车祸致死人数的7倍。

_________________________________________________________________________

62.他除了聪明之外,还很勤奋。

_________________________________________________________________________

63.作者根据对大自然的观察进行了详尽的描述。

_________________________________________________________________________

64.昨天晚上他马上就睡着了;他一定是非常疲劳。

_________________________________________________________________________

65.由于我正在熟悉这项工作,所以我有东西要请教我的老板。

_________________________________________________________________________

Part V Writing

Directions: This part is to test your ability to do practical writing. You are required to write something according to the following information given in chinese . Remember to wirte something in no less than 120 words on the Composition Sheet.

根据国务院发布的“限塑令”,自2008年6月1日起,在所有超市、商场实行塑料购物袋有偿使用制度,超市、商场一律不得免费提供塑料购物袋。请你写一篇英语短文,要求包括以下内容:(1)现状:目前中国每天消费近30亿个塑料袋,造成了严重的资源浪费和环境污染;

(2)限塑令的意义:减少塑料袋使用量,提高公众的环保意识;

(3)提倡:重拎布袋子,重提菜篮子

参考词汇:禁令 ban 意识 awareness 提倡 advocate

参考答案(一)

Part I Listening Comprehension

Part Ⅱ Vocabulary and Structure

16. 【答案精解】B。固定搭配。Refuse….to…..

17. 【答案精解】A。词义题。有很多机会将来是被揭开的。

18. 【答案精解】A。句意题。雨一直在下。

19. 【答案精解】C。词义辨析题。孩子被家长溺爱。

20. 【答案精解】D。固定搭配。警察在调查事故。

21. 【答案精解】C。固定搭配。

22. 【答案精解】D。定冠词,the 的用法。

23. 【答案精解】D。副词的考察,打开电视,节目会立即出现。

24. 【答案精解】D。词义辨析题,打扰各位。

25. 【答案精解】A。词义题。

26. 【答案精解】A。词义辨析题。

27. 【答案精解】B。 动名词作定语。

28. 【答案精解】C。一定要记住,考察must 的用法。

29. 【答案精解】B。量词的应用。

30. 【答案精解】D。词义辨析题。

31. 【答案精解】B。词义辨析题。

32. 【答案精解】B。固定搭配题。

33. 【答案精解】A。句意题。

34. 【答案精解】B。词义辨析题。

35. 【答案精解】C。. 固定搭配题。fun doing sth.

Part III Reading Comprehension

Task 1

36. 【答案精解】C 。 细节题。第八自然段。

37. 【答案精解】D 。 细节题,倒数第二自然段。

38. 【答案精解】D 。细节题,倒数第二自然段。说明他喜欢摄影。

39. 【答案精解】A 。细节题。第一自然段。

40. 【答案精解】B。细节题,倒数第二自然段。

Task 2

41. 【答案精解】B 。细节题。第二自然段,第一句话。

42. 【答案精解】D。 细节题。第三自然段,倒数第二句话。

43. 【答案精解】C。细节题。

44. 【答案精解】B。细节题。最后一段,作者点题。

45. 【答案精解】D。主题句。最后一段,作者点题。

Task 3

46. 【答案精解】B。细节题。第一段第一句话。

47. 【答案精解】C。细节题。详读第二段看3句话。

48. 【答案精解】C。细节题。详读第二段。

49. 【答案精解】D。细节题。最后一段倒数第4句。

50. 【答案精解】C。细节题。最后一句话,只有读的越多,才能学得越多。

Task 4

51. 【答案】learning English

52. 【答案】escription

53. 【答案】the monthly articles

54. 【答案】instructions

55. 【答案】website

Part IV Translation

Section A

56. 【译文】第二天早上摄像人员很早就出去拍摄了并且在美丽的海湾中间的海滩上拍摄了日出。

57. 【译文】在电影里海鸟在飞翔,汹涌的海浪远离海滩。

58. 【译文】现在他帮我找到一个好医生,我给他报酬是很公平的。

59. 【译文】最后的检查报告包括十项,一共花了我215美元。

60.. 【译文】我感觉很困惑,能不能跟的上班里的其他同学。

Section B

61. 【译文】smoking is so harmful to personal health that it kills seven times more people each year than automobile accidents.

62. 【译文】besides being intelligent, she is also diligent.

63. 【译文】the author gave a detailed description based on his personal observation of nature.

64. 【译文】he fell asleep immediately last night; he must have been very tired.

65. 【译文】as I was getting familiar with this job, I had much to ask my boss for advice.

Part V Writing

The problem of “white pollution” caused by used plastic is becoming increasingly serious, in which plastic shopping bags play an important role. In China about three billion plastic shopping bags are consumed every day, which results in a great waste of resources and heavy environmental pollution. Luckily, The government has put a nationwide ban on the use of free plastic bags, demanding that all stores and supermarkets not provide customers with free plastic bags after June 1. The rule will undoubtedly reduce the use of plastic bags and enhance the awareness of environmental protection. It is highly advocated that we should turn to cloth bags and shopping baskets from now on.

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