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2022年成人高考高起点《英语》模拟试题兼答案(15)

来源: 中国教育在线     2022年06月23日

【导语】中国教育在线成人高考频道根据《全国各类成人高等学校招生复习考试大纲》收集整理了2022成考高起点《英语》模拟试题以供广大考生参考,具体如下:

成人高考有疑问、不知道如何选择主考院校及专业、不清楚成考当地政策,点击立即了解》》

2022年成人高考高起点《英语》模拟题兼答案(15)

2022年成人高考高起点《英语》模拟题兼答案汇总

III.Reading Comprehension

Passage 1

Many countries face a somewhat more serious economic problem in the form of an unfavorable trade balance with other nations.Such an imbalance exists when the total value of a country’s imports exceeds that of its exports.For example,if a country buys$25 billion of products from other countries,yet sells only$10 billion of its own products overseas,its trade deficit(贸易逆差)is$15 billion.Many underdeveloped nations find themselves in this position because they lack natural resources or the industrial capacity to use these resources,and thus have to import raw materials or manufactured goods.

One effect of a trade deficit is the flow of currency out of a country.In the case of an underdeveloped nation,this can cause many financial difficulties,including failure to meet debt payments and obstacles to creation of an industrial base.Even in the case of a fully developed nation such as the United States,a large trade deficit is a reason for alarm.American products,made by well-paid workers in U.S.industries,cost more to produce than those made in places like Asia,where labor and material costs are much lower.Money spent on foreign products is money not spent on items produced by domestic industries.

46.What does the passage mainly discuss?B

A.Some worldwide economic problems.

B.The cause and consequences of trade deficit.

C.Lack of resources in underdeveloped countries.

D.High labor and material costs in developed countries

47.According to the passage,a trade imbalance occurs when ____B____.

A.a country is facing serious financial problems

B.a country buys more from other countries than it sells overseas

C.the value of a country’s exports is greater than that of its imports

D.products imported are more expensive than those exported

成人高考有疑问、不知道如何选择主考院校及专业、不清楚成考当地政策,点击立即了解》》

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